hope to expand this bibliography. For now, it includes only
materials relevant to Middleton written or produced by the
contributors to the Oxford Middleton.
David M. Bergeron
English Civic Pageantry 1558-1642. London: Edward Arnold,
1971; Columbia, SC: Univ. of South Carolina Press, 1971. “Thomas
Middleton.” This extensive study of civic pageants includes
a chapter on Middleton’s Lord Mayor’s Shows.
English Civic Pageantry 1558-1642. revised edition. Tempe,
AZ: Arizona State Medieval & Renaissance Texts and Studies,
2003. “Thomas Middleton.” This offers a revised
study of Middleton’s Lord Mayor’s Shows.
“The Emblematic Nature of English Civic Pageantry,”
Renaissance Drama ns 1 (1968): 167-198. This article explores
the use of emblem book material and ideas in the pageants
and includes a discussion of Middleton’s Lord Mayor’s
Shows, specifically the ones of 1613, 1617, and 1621.
“Venetian State Papers and English Civic Pageantry,
1558-1642,” Renaissance Quarterly 23 (1970): 37-47.
This article examines the reports of the Venetian Ambassadors
residing in London and includes a discussion of the report
of Horatio Busino about Middleton’s 1617 Lord Mayor’s
“Medieval Drama and Tudor-Stuart Civic Pageantry,”
Journal of Medieval and Renaissance Studies 2 (1972): 279-293.
This essay explores the connections between medieval drama
and the later pageantry and includes a consideration of Middleton’s
1613 Lord Mayor’s Show.
“Civic Pageants and Historical Drama,” Journal
of Medieval and Renaissance Studies 5 (1975): 89-105. This
article focuses on the pageants’ use of history and
discusses Middleton’s 1617, 1619, 1621, and 1623 Lord
“Middleton’s Moral Landscape: A Chaste Maid in
Cheapside and The Triumphs of Truth,” in ‘Accompaninge
the players’: Essays Celebrating Thomas Middleton, 1580-1980,
ed. Kenneth Friedenreich. New York: AMS Press, 1983. 133-146.
This essay explores the links between these two works of 1613
in terms of structure and moral ideas.
“Art within The Second Maiden’s Tragedy,”
Medieval and Renaissance Drama in England 1 (1984): 173-186.
This interpretation argues that the play represents an experiment
on art within art, a rich self-reflexive quality of the play.
“Middleton’s No Wit, No Help and Civic Pageantry,”
in Pageantry in the Shakespearean Theater, ed. David M. Bergeron.
Athens, GA: Univ of Georgia Press, 1985. 65-80. In this play
Middleton recalls the scene at the New World arch in the 1604
royal entry pageant for King James I for which he had written
the principal speech.
“Representation in Renaissance English Civic Pageants,”
Theatre Journal 40 (1988): 319-331. This article examines
the methods and strategies of representation in the pageants
and considers the 1604 royal entry pageant for which Middleton
“Thomas Middleton and Anthony Munday: Artistic Rivalry?”
Studies in English Literature 36 (1996): 461-479. Reprinted,
revised in David M. Bergeron, Practicing Renaissance Scholarship:
Plays and Pageants, Patrons and Politics. Pittsburgh: Duquesne
Univ. Press, 2000. 101-122. This article counters the idea,
begun in nineteenth-century scholarship, that Middleton and
Anthony Munday were bitter rivals.
“Stuart Civic Pageants and Textual Performance,”
Renaissance Quarterly 51 (1998): 163-183. This article focuses
on the nature and construction of pageant texts and includes
discussion of Middleton’s 1613, 1617, 1619, and 1621
Lord Mayor’s Shows.
“Pageants, Masques, and Scholarly Ideology,”
in David M. Bergeron, Practicing Renaissance Scholarship.
Pittsburgh, PA: Duquesne Univ. Press, 2000. 164-192.
Using the 1604 royal entry pageant and the work of Stephen
Harrison, this article explores the relative disregard of
civic pageants in contrast to the scholarly attention lavished
on court masques. The discussion includes attention to Middleton’s
contribution to the pageant.
Ralph Alan Cohen
Director, Your Five Gallants, James Madison University (1991)
Celia R. Daileader
Eroticism on the Renaissance Stage: Transcendence,
Desire, and the Limits of the
Visible. Cambridge University Press, 1998. Re-printed in paperback,
I frequently cite Middleton in this book; in particular, Chapters
Two, Four, and Five present extensive readings of Women Beware
Women, A Mad World, My Masters, and The Lady’s Tragedy.
“Back-door Sex: Renaissance Gynosodomy, Aretino, and
the Exotic,” English Literary History 69.2 (Summer 2002):
303-334. Re-printed with modifications in Straight Writ Queer:
Non-Normative Expressions of Heterosexuality in Literature,
ed. Richard Fantina (McFarland, 2006): 25-45. This essay theorizes
references to male-female sodomy in early modern English literature
as occasions of Italianist exoticism; the works of Middleton
feature prominently in the article.
“The Courtesan Re-visited: Thomas Middleton, Pietro
Aretino, and Sex-
phobic Criticism,” Remaking, Rethinking, Refashioning:
Italian Culture in Early Modern English Drama, ed. Michele
Marrapodi. Ashgate Press, 2007. This essay argues for the
influence of Pietro Aretino’s Ragionimenti on Middleton’s
A Mad World, My Masters; it also makes the case for Middleton’s
feminism in this and other plays.
"Re-writing Rape, Re-raping Rites: Shakespeare's and
Middleton's Lucrece Poems." Accepted for publication
in the anthology, Violence, Politics, and Sexuality, ed. Joseph
Patrick Ward. Palgrave: forthcoming. This essay contrasts
Shakespeare’s (misogynistic) and Middleton’s (feminist)
treatment of raped women.
“Editing Collaborated Drama,” Shakespeare Survey
59 (2006): 213-224
Concerns the practical issues of editing plays that have,
or are alleged to have, more than one author, and concerns
among others A Fair Quarrel and The Spanish Gypsy.
“Major/Minor, Main Plot/Subplot, Middleton/and,”
The Elizabethan Theatre XV, ed. C.E.
McGee and A. L. Magnusson (P.E.Meany, 2002): 21-38.
Argues that "hierarchical rankings and presuppositions
about collaboration collapse before the complex details and
variable methods found in the plays collectively known as
Middleton's," and is especially concerned with the Middleton-Rowley
Studies in Attribution: Middleton and Shakespeare (Salzburg:
University of Salzburg, 1979).
Along with the work of David J. Lake, this book completely
Middleton’s dramatic canon as understood by Dyce and
Bullen, adding The Puritan,The Revenger’s Tragedy, The
Lady’s Tragedy, and A Nice Valour, reassigning Blurt
Master Constable to Dekker, rejecting The Family of Love as
non-Middletonian, advancing new evidence for Middleton’s
part-authorship of Timon of Athens, and establishing his shares
in other collaborative plays.
‘Compositorial Practices in The Revenger’s Tragedy,
1607–08’, Papers of the Bibliographical Society
of America, 75 (1981), 157–70.
A bibliographical analysis of the quarto, which showed that
it was set by two compositors, and that Middleton’s
orthographical markers appear within both men’s stints.
‘An Allusion to Marlowe’s The Jew of Malta in
and Early Seventeenhth-Century Pamphlet Possibly by Thomas
Middleton’, Notes and Queries, 226 (1982), 132–3.
Proposed Middleton as likely author of Plato’s Cap.
Editor, ‘The Revenger’s Tragedy’: Attributed
to Thomas Middleton: A Facsimile of the 1607/8 Quarto (East
Brunswick, London, Toronto: Associated University Presses,
A facsimile edition with a long, thoroughly documented introduction,
discussing matters of text, date, and source material, and
outlining at length the case for Middleton’s authorship
of the play, which had been widely atrtributed to Cyril Tourneur.
This was the first ever edition of The Revenger’s Tragedy
to have Middleton’s name on the cover and title page.
‘The Additions to The Second Maiden’s Tragedy:
Shakespeare or Middleton?’, Shakespeare Quarterly, 41
Argued against a proposal that some of the material added
to the manuscript of The Lady’s Tragedy was by Shakespeare.
Provided evidence that it was, like the rest of the play,
‘Editing, Attribution Studies, and “Literature
Online”: A New Resource for Research in Renaissance
Drama’, Research Opportunities in Renaissance Drama,
12 (1998), 1–15.
Includes a demonstration of the efficacy of ‘Literature
Online’ searches in confirming the significance for
attribution studies of certain ‘Middleton markers.
With Gary Taylor and Paul Mulholland, ‘Thomas Middleton,
Lording Barry and The Family of Love’, Papers of the
Bibliographical Society of America, 93 (1999), 213–41.
Argues for Lording Barry’s sole authorship of The Family
of Love, long ascribed to Middleton.
‘Anything for a Quiet Life, IV.ii.1–44: The Hazards
of Collaboration’, Notes and Queries, 250 (2006), 87–90.
Discusses a passage in this Middleton–Webster collaboration
that has usually been attributed to Webster. Shows that it
is by Middleton, and examines a failure of coordination between
the two playwrights at the point where their contributions
Editor, with David Gunby and David Carnegie, The Works of
John Webster: Volume Three (Cambridge: Cambridge University
Includes an old-spelling edition—with full textual apparatus,
introductions, and commentary—of Anything for a Quiet
Life, a comedy written by Middleton and Webster in collaboration.
Review of The Art of Thomas Middleton: A Critical Study,
by David M. Holmes. AUMLA: The Journal of the Australasian
Universities Language and Literature Association, 36 (1971),
Review of The Canon of Thomas Middleton’s Plays, by
David J. Lake. Journal of English and Germanic Philology,
75 (1976), 414–17.
‘From Print to Performance: Looking at the Masque in
Timon of Athens’, in From Performance to Print in Shakespeare’s
England, ed. Peter Holland and Stephen Orgel (Basingstoke
and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006), 73-91.
Examines the Folio text to generate a visual semiotics of
a Middleton scene—and to interrogate the very basis
for reading the theatrical and the visual from a printed text.
Timon of Athens, ed. John Jowett (Oxford: Oxford University
The first edition to present the play as a collaboration between
Shakespeare and Middleton.
‘Timon and Mining’, SEDERI 14 (2004), 77-92.
Discusses the motifs of gold, money, and the extraction of
wealth from the ground, with reference to the issue of authorial
‘The Pattern of Collaboration in Timon of Athens’,
in Words That Count: Early Modern Authorship, ed. Brian Boyd
(Newark: University of Delaware Press, 2004), 181-205.
Based on author attribution techniques, the essay builds up
a picture of co-authorship between Shakespeare and Middleton
as a complex and dialogic process.
‘Middleton and Debt in Timon of Athens’, in Money
and the Age of Shakespeare, ed. Linda Woodbridge (New York
and Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003), 219-35.
Argues that the treatment of financial debt in the play has
a distinctly Middletonian complexion.
‘Addressing Adaptation: Measure for Measure and Sir
Thomas More’, in Textual Performances: The Modern Reproduction
of Shakespeare’s Drama, edited by Lukas Erne and M.J.
Kidnie (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003), 63-76.
The section on Measure for Measure explains the editorial
presentation of the play in Middleton’s Collected Works.
Review of Herbert Jack Heller, Pentitent Brothellers: Grace,
Sexuality, and Genre in Thomas Middleton’s City Comedies
(2000), in Modern Language Review 98 (2003), pp. 201-2.
‘Thomas Middleton’, in A Companion to Renaissance
Drama, ed. Arthur F. Kinney (Oxford and Malden, Mass.: Blackwell,
An overview, covering issues of canon, stagecraft, and language,
along with thematic points of focus in Middleton’s works.
‘The Audacity of Measure for Measure in 1621’,
Ben Jonson Journal 8 (2001), 229-47; also online at http://www.geocities.com/benjonsonjournal/bjj8-jowett.html.
Examines the political context of the Middleton revival.
‘Pre-Editorial Criticism and the Space for Editing:
Examples from Richard III and Your Five Gallants’, in
Problems of Editing, ed. Christa Jansohn, special issue of
Editio (1999), 127-49.
The section on Your Five Gallants underpins the editing of
the play in the Collected Works, making radical new proposals
as to the play’s theatrical structure.
Gary Taylor and John Jowett, Shakespeare Reshaped, 1606-1623
(Oxford: Clarendon, 1993; reprinted 1997).
Includes ‘With New Additions’, Jowett and Taylor’s
primary statement of Middleton’s involvement with the
adapted Folio text.
‘Middleton’s Song of Cupid’, Notes and
Queries 239 (1994), 66-70.
Relates the song in Chaste Maid and More Dissemblers to Middleton’s
lost Masque of Cupids, considering the surviving printed and
manuscript texts of the song in relation to its history of
performance on stage.
‘Middleton’s No Wit at the Fortune’, Renaissance
Drama, New Series, 22 (1991), 191-208.
An analysis of the text that separates out the features relating
to James Shirley’s revival from the original staging
at the Fortune theatre.
Theodore B. Leinwand:
"Redeeming Beggary/Buggery in Michaelmas
Term," ELH 61 (1994) 53-70.
Explores confusing social and erotic relations in this play.
Theatre, Finance and Society in Early Modern England (Cambridge:
University Press, 1999), pp. 55-60.
Discusses affect attendant upon indebtedness in Michaelmas
Kate D. Levin
Director, A Chaste Maid in Cheapside (CCNY, Spring 1998)
Director, Women Beware Women, by Thomas Middleton (U.C. Berkeley,
"Family Values: Euthanasia, Editing, and The Old Law."
Textual Practice 9.3 (1995): 445-458.
Arguing that an understanding of seventeenth-century patriarchalism
is central to The Old Law, the essay shows how a series of
early marginal corrections of an important textual crux in
the earliest printed text of the play influence the editorial
choices available for the play and the play's outcome. These
editorial choices in turn inflect a reader's understanding
of the governmental and familial politics of the play, whether
early in the seventeenth century, during the Interregnum when
it was published, or in a modern edition.
“Snakeskins, Mirrors and Torches: Theatrical Iconography
and Middleton's The Witch.”
Research Opportunities in Renaissance Drama, vol XLI (2002),
This essay considers moments in The Witch when adherence to
stage directions (whether explicit or implicit) produces three-dimensional
onstage images which realise verbal texts and/or two-dimensional
images in handbooks of moral emblems.
Buying Whiteness: Race, Culture, and Identity from Columbus
to Hip Hop (Palgrave, 2005). Chapter 5 (“Popular Whiteness”)
identifies The Triumphs of Truth (1613) and A Game at Chess
(1624) as the earliest popular texts to use the adjective
“white” in something close to its modern racial
Director, The Widow, Georgia Shakespeare Festival (rehearsed
public reading), 2001
Castration: An Abbreviated History of Western Manhood (Routledge,
Argues that Freud’s theories about castration in particular,
and male sexuality more generally, were anachronistic, and
that Middleton represents better than any other writer a major
historical shift in Western conceptions of the sexed body.
Cultural Selection (Basic Books, 1996).
Develops a theory of the mechanism of cultural memory and
competition, which among other things explains why Shakespeare
was canonized and Middleton was not.
Gary Taylor and John Jowett, Shakespeare Reshaped 1606-1623
(Oxford: Clarendon, 1993).
The bulk of this book (co-written with Jowett) provides extensive
evidence that Middleton was responsible for adapting Measure
for Measure after Shakespeare’s death; other chapters
discuss act intervals in early modern London (including Middleton
examples) and theatrical censorship of profanity (including
expurgation in Measure for Measure).
"Thomas Middleton, The Spanish Gypsy, and Multiple Collaboration,"
in Words That Count: Essays on Early Modern Authorship, ed.
Brian Boyd (University of Delaware Press, 2004), 241-73.
Provides evidence that Gypsy was written by four collaborators:
Middleton, Rowley, Dekker, and Ford.
"Shakespeare's Mediterranean Measure for Measure",
in Shakespeare and the Mediterranean: The Selected Proceedings
of the International Shakespeare Association World Congress,
Valencia, 2001, ed. Tom Clayton, Susan Brock, and Vicente
Forés (Newark: University of Delaware Press, 2004),
Provides evidence that Middleton was responsible for changing
the setting of Measure for Measure from an Italian city (probably
Ferrara) to Vienna.
"Thomas Middleton", in The New Dictionary of National
Biography (Oxford University Press, 2004).
Takes account of a century of biographical scholarship on
Middleton since the first DNB article on Middleton was written.
"Middleton and Rowley--and Heywood: The Old Law and
New Technologies of Attribution," Papers of the Bibliographical
Society of America, 96 (2002), 165-217. Identifies the third
author in Old Law as Heywood, not Massinger.
"Power, Pathos, Character," in Harold Bloom and
the Interpretation of Shakespeare, ed. Christy Desmet and
Robert Sawyer (New York: Palgrave, 2001), 43-64.
Discusses the problem of canonical and critical authority
from the perspective of the treatment of free speech and slander
in Shakespeare and Middleton.
"Thomas Middleton, The Nice Valour, and the Court of
James I," The Court Historian, VI (2001), 1-36.
Argues that the play was written in 1622, and that its characters
and plot are influenced by events associated with the beginning
of the Thirty Years’ War.
"Divine [ ]sences," Shakespeare Survey 54 (Cambridge
University Press, 2001), 13-30. Contrasts the representation
of God in Shakespeare and Middleton.
"Gender, Hunger, Horror: The History and Significance
of The Bloody Banquet," Journal of Early Modern Cultural
Studies, 1 (2001), 1-45.
Provides evidence that the play was written in 1608 or 1609,
and interprets its representation of cannibalism and female
sexuality in relation to a larger theory of “the Edible
"Thomas Middleton, Thomas Dekker, and The Bloody Banquet,"
Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America 94 (2000),
Provides extensive new evidence that the play was written
by Middleton and Dekker, and that the extant text represents
a later abridgement and adaptation of the original.
"c:\wp\file.txt 05:41 10-07-98", in The Renaissance
Text: Theory, History, Editing, ed. Andrew Murphy (Manchester
University Press, 2000), 44-54.
Taking specific examples from Shakespeare and Middleton, this
essay analyzes the implications for editing (and for cultural
history more generally) of the shift from a text-based to
a file-based society.
Gary Taylor, Paul Mulholland, and MacD. P. Jackson, "Thomas
Middleton, Lording Barry, and The Family of Love", Papers
of the Bibliographical Society of America 93 (1999), 213-242.
Identifies Barry as sole author of the play, and dates in
"Feeling Bodies", in Shakespeare in the Twentieth
Century: Proceedings of the Sixth World Shakespeare Congress,
ed. Jonathan Bate et al. (Newark: University of Delaware Press,
Argues that Shakespeare and Middleton exemplify an historic
“routinized commodification of affect” in early
"Judgement", in New Ways of Looking at Old Texts:
Papers of the English Renaissance Text Society, ed. W. Speed
Hill (Renaissance English Text Society, 1998), 91-100. Argues
that editing, criticism, and life cannot avoid judgments of
value, illustrating ten propositions with examples from Shakespeare
"Forms of Opposition: Shakespeare and Middleton",
English Literary Renaissance, 24 (1994), 283-314.
Argues that Shakespeare (from the perspective of Catholic
nostalgia) and Middleton (from the perspective of opposition
Calvinism) both resisted, in different ways, the political
authorities and dominant ideologies of their time.
"Farrago", Textual Practice, 8 (1994), 33-42.
A theory of editing based on the non-uniformity of texts,
books, canons, and authors.
"Bardicide," in Shakespeare and Cultural Traditions:
Proceedings of the Fifth World Shakespeare Congress, ed. Roger
Pringle et al (Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1994),
Discusses the death of poets and the relationship between
poetry and popular culture, contrasting Shakespeare’s
Julius Caesar with various works by Middleton, including particularly
Father Hubburd’s Tales.
"The Renaissance and the End of Editing", in Palimpsest:
Textual Theory and the Humanities, ed. George Bornstein and
Ralph G. Williams (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press,
Argues that every theory of editing is a theory of intertextuality,
that the models of textual space provided by Derrida and Foucault
are deeply flawed, and that modernist Anglo-American theories
of editing have been warped by generalizing the peculiar conditions
of the Shakespeare canon; contrasts models based on Shakespeare
with those that might be based on Middleton.
“Assuming Gentility: Thomas Middleton, Mary Carleton
and Aphra Behn.” Women and Politics in Early Modern
England, 1450-1700. Ed. James Daybell. Aldershot, England:
Ashgate Publishing, 2004. 243-56.
This essay compares three texts that represent a woman’s
imitation of a gentle status she was not born to but has the
ability to perform so convincingly that men are duped into
marrying her: Middleton’s A Trick to Catch the Old One,
The Case of Mary Carleton, and Behn’s The City Heiress,
It also relates the “transnaturing” power of clothing
and textual identities to the lives of Middleton, Carleton,
“The Sexual Politics of Textual Transmission.”
Textual Formations and Reformations. Ed. Laurie E. Maguire
and Thomas L. Berger. Delaware: University of Delaware Press,
This essay calls attention to gendered processes of textual
transmission by exploring compositorial errors among early
editions of Edmund Tilney’s The Flower of Friendship,
textual cruces and editorial choices in The Tempest and Othello,
and problems of speech tags, commentary, and stage directions
as they relate to prostitution, slander, rape, and the law
in Middleton’s A Trick to Catch the Old One. It explains
the reasons for changing the speech tag from “Courtesan”
to “Jane” in the play’s edition for the
Oxford Collected Works.
“Thomas Middleton and Shakespeare”, in Stanley
Wells, Shakespeare & Co (London, Allen Lane Press, 2006;
New York, Pantheon, 2007), pp. 167-193.
An overview of Middleton's career with special reference to
his links with Shakespeare.